This is called capital gains tax. And since gold is an investment asset, when you sell your gold and make a profit, it's taxed as capital gains. However, depending on how you've held your gold, such as in an IRA account, you'll have to pay taxes at the ordinary capital gains rate or at an overall rate of 28% for gold in an IRA account. While many tradable financial securities, such as stocks, mutual funds and ETFs, are subject to short- or long-term capital gains tax rates, the sale of physical precious metals is taxed slightly differently. Physical gold or silver holds are subject to a capital gains tax equal to their marginal tax rate, up to a maximum of 28% for gold in an IRA account specifically. This means that people who fall into the 33, 35 and 39.6% tax brackets only have to pay 28% for their physical sales of gold in an IRA account.
Short-term gains on precious metals are taxed at ordinary income rates. Long-term earnings on ingots are taxed at the ordinary income tax rate, up to a maximum rate of 28%. Short-term earnings on ingots, like other investments, are taxed as ordinary income. An asset must be held for more than one year for gains or losses to be long-term.
The IRS classifies precious metals, including gold, as collectibles, such as art and antiques. This applies to gold coins and ingots, although their value depends solely on the metal content and not on rarity or artistic merit. You pay taxes on selling gold only if you make a profit. However, long-term gains on collectible items are subject to a 28 percent tax rate, rather than the 15 percent rate that applies to most investments.
As mentioned earlier, the sale of precious metal coins, cartridges and ingots can serve as an additional source of income for many customers. Therefore, in the eyes of the IRS, any benefit that a customer obtains by selling their precious metal assets is considered taxable and is therefore subject to a form of tax. This tax is known as “capital gains tax”. Therefore, “capital gains” refers to any benefit resulting from the sale or exchange of shares or personal assets.
In terms of precious metals, capital gains occur when a certain coin or piece of ingots increases in value and is then sold at that higher price. In conclusion, capital gains are one of the main parts of a large transaction report that the IRS seeks. Gold is often taxed differently than other investments, and tax rules vary depending on which of the many different ways to invest in gold you choose. While the law may say that you can sell gold and silver without paying taxes, that doesn't mean that it translates into practice with the IRS.